Researchers are continually researching the solution to stay safe with the Corona pandemic.
Researchers mark the role of smoking and vaping which will play within the cerebrovascular and neurological dysfunction of these who contract the Coronavirus.
The study led by Cucullo and TTUHSC graduate research assistant Sabrina Rahman Archie, “Cerebrovascular and Neurological Dysfunction under the Threat of COVID-19: Is There a Comorbid Role for Smoking and Vaping?” was published within the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
The study had been supported the findings of recent case studies of Corona victims As the SARS-CoV-2 virus or COVID-19 has unfurled its tentacles across the world, the severe respiratory and pulmonary disorders related to the infection became documented.
However, new case studies even have strongly suggested the presence of cerebrovascular-neurological dysfunction in Corona patients, including large artery ischemic strokes that originate in one among the brain’s larger blood-supplying arteries like the carotid.
Luca Cucullo, Ph.D., and other researchers from the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) have for years studied the consequences of smoking and vaping wear the cerebrovascular and neurological systems.
Their research, which of others, has shown smokers of tobacco and vaping products are more susceptible and responsible for viral and bacterial infection than non-smokers.
In his previous research, Cucullo demonstrated the effect of tobacco smoke which can impair an individual’s respiratory function. From there, it can affect the system and eventually the brain. Because Coronavirus also attacks the respiratory and vascular systems, he and Archie wanted to ascertain if there have been any reported cases indicating the virus may also responsible for the brain affects and cause the onset of long-term neurological disorders like ischemic strokes.
The Resarchers also discovered the evidence to show smoking and vaping worsen of the outcomes for Corona positive patients, which Cucullo said seems to be the case. Archie said some case studies demonstrate there are indeed stroke occurrences in Corona patients and therefore the rates appear to be increasing a day.
In reality, one study comprised of 214 patients found that 36.45% of Corona positive patients had neurological symptoms, further indicating the virus is in a position to affect the cerebral system. But how does this happen? There are within the physical body approximately 13 blood clotting factors which will be increased thanks to hypoxia, a condition that happens when the body is bereft of sufficient amounts of oxygen at the tissue level, as occurs with smoking.
Archie said COVID-19 appears to also raise some blood procoagulant, especially the Willebrand Factor, a blood-clotting protein that primarily binds carries clotting factor VIII and promotes platelet adhesion at the location of wounds.”When the coagulant factor is going to be increased in our body, there will be more chance of clot formation,” Archie explained.”Ultimately, it’ll be liable for several vascular dysfunctions, for instance, hemorrhagic or ischaemic stroke .”Because COVID-19 and smoking or vaping each increases blood clotting factors which will eventually affect the cerebral system, Cucullo believes the stroke risk could also be higher still for COVID-19 patients who smoke.”COVID-19 seems to possess this ability to extend the danger for blood clotting , as does smoke,” Cucullo added.
“This may ultimately translate in higher risk for stroke.”Recent clinical research data also shows a number of the affected caused by COVID-19, especially to the systema respiratorium, is permanent.
Cucullo said an equivalent data indicates that patients who get over COVID-19 still have an elevated risk for stroke which age and body activity don’t seem to be factors.
A number of those who have higher risk factors for long-term problems associated with Coronavirus are young adults, They are the 20s and 30s who were active and thought of to be in their physical prime.
“After COVID-19, a number of those can barely take few steps without having breathing issues, therefore the recovery, it’s quite formal recovering, but a number of these long-term effects remain,” he added. In addition to impairing the immune and vascular systems, and triggering cerebrovascular and neurological dysfunction, smoking and vaping often worsen the outcomes for patients who contract influenza or other respiratory or pulmonary diseases. Because COVID-19 appears to affect many of an equivalent system within the body, Cucullo said it might seem logical to think the health risks are increased for COVID-19 patients who smoke, but the virus is just too new know surely.
Source – Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center